Paul Clist

Associate Professor of Development Economics, University of East Anglia


Bio

Publications

Working Papers

Work in Progress

Policy

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Bio

I’m a development economist at the University of East Anglia, UK. I received my PhD from the University of Nottingham in 2010, working on development aid supervised by Oliver Morrissey. I then held a two-year ESRC postdoc at UEA, before joining as faculty. In aid, I have published on allocation, migration, taxation, and payment by results.

I now mainly use experimental and behavioural economics to study decision making, often with the help of The Field Lab, Uganda. The common thread is the external social influence on a person’s decisions. This includes the domains of risk taking, social preferences, and lying. One social influence I have returned to several times is language.


Publications

Development Aid & International Migration to Italy: Does Aid Reduce Irregular Flows?

(with Gabriele Restelli)

The World Economy, Forthcoming

Abstract (click to expand)

Coverage in The Economist

Policy Brief (2 pages)

Payment by results in international development: Evidence from the first decade

Development Policy Review, 37(6):719-734, 2019

Abstract (click to expand)

PDF: Free Version

Multilingualism and Public Goods Provision: An Experiment in Two Languages in Uganda

(with Arjan Verschoor)

Journal of Development Economics, 129:47-57, 2017

Abstract (click to expand)

Replication Data

Replication Code

Experimental Script

PDF: free version

Payment by Results In Development Aid: All that Glitters is Not Gold

World Bank Research Observer, 31(2): 290-319, 2016

Abstract (click to expand)

Foreign Aid and Domestic Taxation: Multiple Sources, One Conclusion

Development Policy Review, 34(3): 365-383, 2016

Abstract (click to expand)

Replication Data

Replication Code

Do Performance Measures of Donors’ Aid Allocation Underperform?

The World Economy, 38(5): 805–824, 2015

Abstract (click to expand)

Replication Data

Selectivity on Aid Modality: Determinants of Budget Support from Multilateral Donors

(with Oliver Morrissey & Alessia Isopi)

The Review of International Organizations, 7(3): 267-284, 2012

Abstract (click to expand)

Replication Data

Aid and tax revenue: Signs of a positive effect since the 1980s

(with Oliver Morrissey)

Journal of International Development 23(2): 165-180, 2011

Abstract (click to expand)

25 Years of Aid Allocation Practice: Whither Selectivity?

World Development, 39(10): 1724–1734, 2011

Abstract (click to expand)

Replication Data

Replication Code


Working Papers

Why Do We Lie? Distinguishing Between Competing Lying Theories

(with Ying-Yi Hong)

Revise & Resubmit

Early CBESS WP

Replication Data

Pre-Ananlysis Plan

Bilinguals in the Lab: (Why) Does Randomising Language Affect Cooperation?

(with Josh Hill)

Early CSAE Conference WP

Pre-Ananlysis Plan

Twitter Presentation (CSAE)


Work in Progress

An Endowment Effect for Risk Levels: Evidence from a Ugandan Lab

(with Ben D'Exelle and Arjan Verschoor)

Revise & Resubmit

Risk Taking With Social Consequences

(with Ben D'Exelle and Arjan Verschoor)

In Progress

Decomposing Country-Level Differences in Preferences by Location, Language and Nationality

(with Ying-yi Hong)

In Progress


Policy

My work on Payment by Results in International Development has helped shaped policy and practice, especially in the UK. This happened somewhat by accident, with relevant academic papers leading to consultancy work, which now lead to more academic papers. For a quick introduction to my thinking for a general audience, see:

Consultancy

ELVAR, 2019-2021 A multi-year consultancy with ITAD, providing quality assurance and limited expert input. Evaluation of Payment by Results (ELVAR) for DFID’s Core Funding to UN Development, UN Humanitarian, and Red Cross & Red Crescent Movement agencies. For more see ITAD

Evaluating Results-Based Financing, 2019-2020 A short consultancy for Mokoro providing quality assurance and limited expert input. The project is for World Bank Evaluating Results-Based Financing in the Education Sector: Country Level Analysis, and looks at three countries.

Review of Payment by Results in DFID: Establishing the Evidence Base, 2017 A four month consultancy conducting a semi-systematic review of evidence of Payment by Results in International Development, and an investigation of how PBR evidence has been used within DFID. With colleagues at UEA, including Maren Duvendack and Brendan Whitty.

Evaluation of Results Based Aid in the Education Sector, Ethiopia, 2016 A short consultancy (c.10 days) overseeing a review of previous evaluation work, which led to a discovery of several fundamental problems with the data used. This fed into the project completion review.

Evaluation of Results Based Aid in the Education Sector, Rwanda, 2013-15 This was an exciting three-year project for DFID Rwanda, evaluating the effect of results based aid in Rwanda’s education system. This is one of the first evaluations of results based aid (a form of ‘cash on delivery’ aid). Upper Quartile led the bid, and I worked with colleagues at UEA. (c. 100 days) Final Report

Conceptual Basis for Payment by Results in International Development, 2013-2014 For DFID UK, a review of the conceptual basis for Payment by Results. This examines theoretically and conceptually new aid modalities. It deals with the interaction between donor and recipient, and makes use of relevant behavioural insights. (c. 20 days). There are several relevant outputs:

Evaluating Development Impact Bonds, 2014 For DFID UK, a study on Development Impact Bonds (DIBs). The first half of the report looks at their conceptual nature, using economic theory and related evidence (e.g. Social Impact Bonds, which have a longer history). The second half of the report looks at how they can be evaluated. Joint with Roger Drew. (30 days.)

International Aid and Domestic Tax Revenue, 2013-14 Following my 2011 publication examining the effects of aid grants and loans on domestic tax revenue, I returned to the subject for ICTD. The aim of the project was to investigate the source of contradictory results, predominately regarding aid grants, and led to a publication in the World Bank Research Observer (c. 80 days).

Aid and Government Spending, 2010-2011 Through CREDIT, the School of Economics, University of Nottingham. The work was for the AFD (L’Agence Française de Développement), and included 3 reports, which are currently not publicly available. My input was econometric. (c. 80 days)


Assorted

Website: This website was built using Hugo, relying heavily on Gautam Rao and Stefanie Stantcheva’s code. Feel free to copy my code, which you can find on my github site (links on the left).